Instructions for Authors

The Instructions for Authors include information about preparing a manuscript for submission to African Educational Research Journal, criteria for publication and the online submission process.

Online Submission of Manuscript

Manuscript as Microsoft Word formats may be submitted online as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial office at: .


Authors must give assurance that no part of manuscript reporting original work is being considered for publication in whole or in part elsewhere. The corresponding author must affirm that all of the other authors have read and approved of the manuscript.

Style of manuscript

The manuscript should be written in clear, concise and grammatically correct English. Arial font style with 12 font size should be used. Manuscripts that do not conform to these requirements and the following manuscript format may be returned to the author for correction. The entire manuscript should be typed single spaced, with margins of 1 inch each side. All pages should be numbered consecutively in the bottom centre. Indent new paragraphs. The style of heading and subheading should be as follows:

1. The first heading should be left, justified bold and in uppercase letters.

2. The first sub-heading should be left justified, bold and title case.

3. Sub-sub-headings should be left justified, bold, italics and title case.

4. Sub-sub-sub-headings should be left justified, bold, italics and title case.

Order of Manuscript

The manuscript should be presented in the following order.

Title Page

This should contain the title of the contribution (capitalize first letter of each word in the title) and the name(s) and address(es) of the author(s). The full postal address, e-mail address, telephone and fax number(s) of the author who will receive correspondence and check the proofs should be included.


The Abstract should be a self-contained summary of the paper, presenting concisely the objectives of the work reported, methodology, results, and conclusions. It consists of no more than 250 words in one paragraph. References to the literature and mathematical symbols/equations should not be included.


Key words (3-7) should be provided below the Abstract to assist with indexing of the article.


The introduction should articulate the problem being addressed. It should provide sufficient background information on the subject allowing the reader to have more insight into what will be presented in the rest of the paper. The aims of the manuscript should be clearly stated.

Materials and Methods

This section should be concise but provide sufficient detail of the material used and equipment and the procedure followed to allow the work to be repeated by others.


The Results are presented in the form of tables or figures when feasible and the text should explain or elaborate on the tabular data, but numbers should not be repeated within the text.


TThe Discussion should interpret the results clearly and concisely in terms of mechanisms and significance, it should integrate the research findings with the body of previously published literature to provide the readers with a broad base on which to accept or reject the hypotheses tested.


All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript.

A. Citation in Text

Use the author/date system of references. In the text, refer to the author(s) name (without initials) and year of publication.

1. Examples for a single author

Jameson (2003) has shown that ... This is in agreement with the results obtained by several authors (Kramer, 1994; Smith, 1995; Brown, 1999).

2. Examples for two authors

Smith and White (1999) reported that... This was later found to be incorrect (Amir and Ahmed, 2000).

3. Examples for three or more authors (use the first author’s name and then et al.)

Moore et al. (1990) stated that... Similar results were reported recently (Smith et al., 2003).

B. List of References

The list of references should include only those cited in the manuscript and arranged alphabetically by authors’ names. Titles of journals should be written in full. 'In press' can only be used to cite manuscripts actually accepted for publication in a journal. Citations such as manuscript in preparation' or manuscript submitted' are not permitted. The following format should be adhered to:

Journal Papers

Khan, S. H. (2013). Fostering sustainable development and environmental education programmes: Role of teacher training institutions and colleges of teacher education. African Educational Research Journal, 1(1):8-17.
Adedoja, G., Abidoye J. A., and Afolabi A. K. (2013). Effects of two puzzle-based instructional strategies on primary school pupils’ learning outcomes in social studies in Ondo State, Nigeria. African Educational Research Journal, 1(2):58-63.

Text Book

Tague, N. R. (2005). The Quality Toolbox. 2nd Ed. Tokyo: Quality Press
Abonyi, S.O. (2003). Instrumentation in behavioural research a practical approach, Enugu: Fullady Publishing Company.

Book Chapter

Booth-LaForce, C., & Kerns, K. A. (2009). Child-parent attachment relationships, peer relationships, and peer-group functioning. In K. H. Rubin, W. M. Bukowski, & B. Laursen (Eds.), Handbook of peer interactions, relationships, and groups (pp. 490-507). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Conference Proceedings

Magott, J., & Skudlarski, K. (1989). Combining Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets and PERT Networks For The Performance Evaluation Of Concurrent Processes. Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Petri Nets and Performance Models, Dec. 11-13, IEEE Xplore Press, Japan, pp: 249-256.


Mohammed, Y. (2006). Factors influencing the implementation of ICT in Jigawa State Schools. Medical Unpublished Thesis, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.


Tables should be self-contained and the data should not be duplicated in figures. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Each table should be presented on a separate page with a comprehensive but concise legend above the table. Tables should be double-spaced and vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses. All abbreviations should be defined in footnotes. Use superscript letters (not numbers) for footnotes and keep footnotes to a minimum. *, **, *** should be reserved for P values.


Only necessary illustrations should be included. All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Figures should be sized to fit within the column (82 mm) or the full text width (171 mm). Line figures should be supplied as sharp, black and white or color diagrams, drawn with a computer graphics package. Photographs should be sharp and magnifications should be indicated on photographs using a scale bar. Digital images supplied as low-resolution cannot be used. The legend should incorporate definitions of any symbols used and all abbreviations and units of measurement should be explained so that the figure can be understood without reference to the text.

Abbreviation and Units

SI units (metre, kilogram, etc.), as outlined in the latest edition of Units, symbols and Abbreviations: A Guide for Medical and Scientific Editors and Authors (Royal Society of Medicine Press, London), should be used wherever possible. Statistics and measurements should always be given in figures; that is, 10 mm, except where the number begins the sentence. When the number does not refer to a unit measurement, it is spelt out, except where the number is greater than nine. Use only standard abbreviations. The word 'Figure' should be used in full.

Galley Proofs

The final Galley Proof will be sent via e-mail as an Acrobat PDF (Portable Document Format) file. Alterations to the text and figures (other than the essential correction of errors) are unacceptable at proof stage.

Publication Charges

African Educational Research Journal levies an article-processing charge of $400 for each article accepted for publication.